QSE
Versatile Scripting Engine Library Including AWK & SED
 

/*
 * $Id$
 *
    Copyright (c) 2006-2014 Chung, Hyung-Hwan. All rights reserved.

    Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
    modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
    are met:
    1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
    2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
       documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

    THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR
    IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
    OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
    IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
    INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
    NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
    DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
    THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
    (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
    THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef _QSE_CMN_STR_H_
#define _QSE_CMN_STR_H_

#include <qse/types.h>
#include <qse/macros.h>
#include <qse/cmn/chr.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

/** \file
 * This file provides various functions, types, macros for string manipulation.
 *
 * The #qse_cstr_t type and the #qse_cstr_t defined in <qse/types.h> help you
 * deal with a string pointer and length in a structure.
 */

/** string pointer and length as a aggregate */
#define QSE_MBS_XSTR(s)     (&((s)->val))  
/** string length */
#define QSE_MBS_LEN(s)      ((s)->val.len)
/** string pointer */
#define QSE_MBS_PTR(s)      ((s)->val.ptr)
/** pointer to a particular position */
#define QSE_MBS_CPTR(s,idx) (&(s)->val.ptr[idx])
/** string capacity */
#define QSE_MBS_CAPA(s)     ((s)->capa)
/** character at the given position */
#define QSE_MBS_CHAR(s,idx) ((s)->val.ptr[idx]) 
/**< last character. unsafe if length <= 0 */
#define QSE_MBS_LASTCHAR(s) ((s)->val.ptr[(s)->val.len-1])

/** string pointer and length as a aggregate */
#define QSE_WCS_XSTR(s)     (&((s)->val))  
/** string length */
#define QSE_WCS_LEN(s)      ((s)->val.len)
/** string pointer */
#define QSE_WCS_PTR(s)      ((s)->val.ptr)
/** pointer to a particular position */
#define QSE_WCS_CPTR(s,idx) (&(s)->val.ptr[idx])
/** string capacity */
#define QSE_WCS_CAPA(s)     ((s)->capa)
/** character at the given position */
#define QSE_WCS_CHAR(s,idx) ((s)->val.ptr[idx]) 
/**< last character. unsafe if length <= 0 */
#define QSE_WCS_LASTCHAR(s) ((s)->val.ptr[(s)->val.len-1])

typedef struct qse_mbs_t qse_mbs_t;
typedef struct qse_wcs_t qse_wcs_t;

typedef qse_size_t (*qse_mbs_sizer_t) (
	qse_mbs_t* data,
	qse_size_t hint
);

typedef qse_size_t (*qse_wcs_sizer_t) (
	qse_wcs_t* data,
	qse_size_t hint
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define QSE_STR_XSTR(s)     ((qse_cstr_t*)QSE_MBS_XSTR(s))
#	define QSE_STR_LEN(s)      QSE_MBS_LEN(s)
#	define QSE_STR_PTR(s)      QSE_MBS_PTR(s)
#	define QSE_STR_CPTR(s,idx) QSE_MBS_CPTR(s,idx)
#	define QSE_STR_CAPA(s)     QSE_MBS_CAPA(s)
#	define QSE_STR_CHAR(s,idx) QSE_MBS_CHAR(s,idx)
#	define QSE_STR_LASTCHAR(s) QSE_MBS_LASTCHAR(s)
#	define qse_str_t           qse_mbs_t
#	define qse_str_sizer_t     qse_mbs_sizer_t
#else
#	define QSE_STR_XSTR(s)     ((qse_cstr_t*)QSE_WCS_XSTR(s))
#	define QSE_STR_LEN(s)      QSE_WCS_LEN(s)
#	define QSE_STR_PTR(s)      QSE_WCS_PTR(s)
#	define QSE_STR_CPTR(s,idx) QSE_WCS_CPTR(s,idx)
#	define QSE_STR_CAPA(s)     QSE_WCS_CAPA(s)
#	define QSE_STR_CHAR(s,idx) QSE_WCS_CHAR(s,idx)
#	define QSE_STR_LASTCHAR(s) QSE_WCS_LASTCHAR(s)
#	define qse_str_t           qse_wcs_t
#	define qse_str_sizer_t     qse_wcs_sizer_t
#endif


/**
 * The qse_mbs_t type defines a dynamically resizable multi-byte string.
 */
struct qse_mbs_t
{
	qse_mmgr_t*     mmgr;
	qse_mbs_sizer_t sizer; /**< buffer resizer function */
	qse_mcstr_t     val;   /**< buffer/string pointer and lengh */
	qse_size_t      capa;  /**< buffer capacity */
};

/**
 * The qse_wcs_t type defines a dynamically resizable wide-character string.
 */
struct qse_wcs_t
{
	qse_mmgr_t*     mmgr;
	qse_wcs_sizer_t sizer; /**< buffer resizer function */
	qse_wcstr_t     val;   /**< buffer/string pointer and lengh */
	qse_size_t      capa;  /**< buffer capacity */
};


#define QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF ((qse_mchar_t*)1)
#define QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF ((qse_wchar_t*)1)

/**
 * The qse_mbssubst_t type defines a callback function for qse_mbsxsubst()
 * and qse_mbsxnsubst() to substitue a new value for an identifier \a ident.
 */
typedef qse_mchar_t* (*qse_mbssubst_t) (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf, 
	qse_size_t         bsz, 
	const qse_mcstr_t* ident, 
	void*              ctx
);

/**
 * The qse_wcssubst_t type defines a callback function for qse_wcsxsubst()
 * and qse_wcsxnsubst() to substitue a new value for an identifier \a ident.
 */
typedef qse_wchar_t* (*qse_wcssubst_t) (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf, 
	qse_size_t         bsz, 
	const qse_wcstr_t* ident, 
	void*              ctx
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define QSE_STRSUBST_NOBUF QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF
#	define qse_strsubst_t qse_mbssubst_t
#else
#	define QSE_STRSUBST_NOBUF QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF
#	define qse_strsubst_t qse_wcssubst_t
#endif

/* int qse_chartonum (qse_char_t c, int base) */
#define QSE_CHARTONUM(c,base) \
	((c>=QSE_T('0') && c<=QSE_T('9'))? ((c-QSE_T('0')<base)? (c-QSE_T('0')): base): \
	 (c>=QSE_T('A') && c<=QSE_T('Z'))? ((c-QSE_T('A')+10<base)? (c-QSE_T('A')+10): base): \
	 (c>=QSE_T('a') && c<=QSE_T('z'))? ((c-QSE_T('a')+10<base)? (c-QSE_T('a')+10): base): base)

/* qse_strtonum (const qse_char_t* nptr, qse_char_t** endptr, int base) */
#define QSE_STRTONUM(value,nptr,endptr,base,allowneg) do {\
	int __ston_f = 0, __ston_v; \
	const qse_char_t* __ston_ptr = nptr; \
	int __ston_base = base; \
	for (;;) { \
		qse_char_t __ston_c = *__ston_ptr; \
		if (__ston_c == QSE_T(' ') || \
		    __ston_c == QSE_T('\t')) { __ston_ptr++; continue; } \
		else if ((allowneg) && __ston_c == QSE_T('-')) { __ston_f++; __ston_ptr++; } \
		else if (__ston_c == QSE_T('+')) { __ston_ptr++; } \
		break; \
	} \
	if (base == 0) { \
		if (*__ston_ptr == QSE_T('0')) { \
		       if (*(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_T('x') || *(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_T('X')) { __ston_base = 16; __ston_ptr += 2; } \
		       else { __ston_base = 8; __ston_ptr++; } \
		} \
		else __ston_base = 10; \
	} \
	for (value = 0; (__ston_v = QSE_CHARTONUM(*__ston_ptr, __ston_base)) < __ston_base; __ston_ptr++) { \
		value = value * __ston_base + __ston_v; \
	} \
	if (endptr) *((const qse_char_t**)endptr) = __ston_ptr; \
	if (__ston_f > 0) value *= -1; \
} while(0)

/* qse_strxtonum (const qse_char_t* nptr, qse_size_t len, qse_char_char** endptr, int base) */
#define QSE_STRXTONUM(value,nptr,len,endptr,base,allowneg) do {\
	int __ston_f = 0, __ston_v; \
	const qse_char_t* __ston_ptr = nptr; \
	const qse_char_t* __ston_end = __ston_ptr + len; \
	int __ston_base = base; \
	while (__ston_ptr < __ston_end) { \
		qse_char_t __ston_c = *__ston_ptr; \
		if (__ston_c == QSE_T(' ') || __ston_c == QSE_T('\t')) { \
			__ston_ptr++; continue; \
		} \
		else if (allowneg && __ston_c == QSE_T('-')) { __ston_f++; __ston_ptr++; } \
		else if (__ston_c == QSE_T('+')) { __ston_ptr++; } \
		break; \
	} \
	if (base == 0) { \
		if (__ston_ptr < __ston_end && *__ston_ptr == QSE_T('0')) { \
		       if ((__ston_ptr < __ston_end - 1) && (*(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_T('x') || *(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_T('X'))) { __ston_base = 16; __ston_ptr += 2; } \
		       else { __ston_base = 8; __ston_ptr++; } \
		} \
		else __ston_base = 10; \
	} \
	for (value = 0; __ston_ptr < __ston_end && (__ston_v = QSE_CHARTONUM(*__ston_ptr, __ston_base)) != __ston_base; __ston_ptr++) { \
		value = value * __ston_base + __ston_v; \
	} \
	if (endptr) *((const qse_char_t**)endptr) = __ston_ptr; \
	if (__ston_f > 0) value *= -1; \
} while(0)

/* int qse_mchartonum (qse_mchar_t c, int base) */
#define QSE_MCHARTONUM(c,base) \
	((c>=QSE_MT('0') && c<=QSE_MT('9'))? ((c-QSE_MT('0')<base)? (c-QSE_MT('0')): base): \
	 (c>=QSE_MT('A') && c<=QSE_MT('Z'))? ((c-QSE_MT('A')+10<base)? (c-QSE_MT('A')+10): base): \
	 (c>=QSE_MT('a') && c<=QSE_MT('z'))? ((c-QSE_MT('a')+10<base)? (c-QSE_MT('a')+10): base): base)

/* qse_strtonum (const qse_mchar_t* nptr, qse_mchar_t** endptr, int base) */
#define QSE_MBSTONUM(value,nptr,endptr,base,allowneg) do {\
	int __ston_f = 0, __ston_v; \
	const qse_mchar_t* __ston_ptr = nptr; \
	int __ston_base = base; \
	for (;;) { \
		qse_mchar_t __ston_c = *__ston_ptr; \
		if (__ston_c == QSE_MT(' ') || \
		    __ston_c == QSE_MT('\t')) { __ston_ptr++; continue; } \
		else if ((allowneg) && __ston_c == QSE_MT('-')) { __ston_f++; __ston_ptr++; } \
		else if (__ston_c == QSE_MT('+')) { __ston_ptr++; } \
		break; \
	} \
	if (base == 0) { \
		if (*__ston_ptr == QSE_MT('0')) { \
		       if (*(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_MT('x') || *(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_MT('X')) { __ston_base = 16; __ston_ptr += 2; } \
		       else { __ston_base = 8; __ston_ptr++; } \
		} \
		else __ston_base = 10; \
	} \
	for (value = 0; (__ston_v = QSE_MCHARTONUM(*__ston_ptr, __ston_base)) < __ston_base; __ston_ptr++) { \
		value = value * __ston_base + __ston_v; \
	} \
	if (endptr) *((const qse_mchar_t**)endptr) = __ston_ptr; \
	if (__ston_f > 0) value *= -1; \
} while(0)

/* qse_strxtonum (const qse_mchar_t* nptr, qse_size_t len, qse_mchar_t** endptr, int base) */
#define QSE_MBSXTONUM(value,nptr,len,endptr,base,allowneg) do {\
	int __ston_f = 0, __ston_v; \
	const qse_mchar_t* __ston_ptr = nptr; \
	const qse_mchar_t* __ston_end = __ston_ptr + len; \
	int __ston_base = base; \
	while (__ston_ptr < __ston_end) { \
		qse_mchar_t __ston_c = *__ston_ptr; \
		if (__ston_c == QSE_MT(' ') || __ston_c == QSE_MT('\t')) { \
			__ston_ptr++; continue; \
		} \
		else if ((allowneg) && __ston_c == QSE_MT('-')) { __ston_f++; __ston_ptr++; } \
		else if (__ston_c == QSE_MT('+')) { __ston_ptr++; } \
		break; \
	} \
	if (base == 0) { \
		if (__ston_ptr < __ston_end && *__ston_ptr == QSE_MT('0')) { \
		       if ((__ston_ptr < __ston_end - 1) && (*(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_MT('x') || *(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_MT('X'))) { __ston_base = 16; __ston_ptr += 2; } \
		       else { __ston_base = 8; __ston_ptr++; } \
		} \
		else __ston_base = 10; \
	} \
	for (value = 0; __ston_ptr < __ston_end && (__ston_v = QSE_MCHARTONUM(*__ston_ptr, __ston_base)) != __ston_base; __ston_ptr++) { \
		value = value * __ston_base + __ston_v; \
	} \
	if (endptr) *((const qse_mchar_t**)endptr) = __ston_ptr; \
	if (__ston_f > 0) value *= -1; \
} while(0)

/* int qse_wchartonum (qse_wchar_t c, int base) */
#define QSE_WCHARTONUM(c,base) \
	((c>=QSE_WT('0') && c<=QSE_WT('9'))? ((c-QSE_WT('0')<base)? (c-QSE_WT('0')): base): \
	 (c>=QSE_WT('A') && c<=QSE_WT('Z'))? ((c-QSE_WT('A')+10<base)? (c-QSE_WT('A')+10): base): \
	 (c>=QSE_WT('a') && c<=QSE_WT('z'))? ((c-QSE_WT('a')+10<base)? (c-QSE_WT('a')+10): base): base)

/* qse_strtonum (const qse_wchar_t* nptr, qse_wchar_t** endptr, int base) */
#define QSE_WCSTONUM(value,nptr,endptr,base,allowneg) do {\
	int __ston_f = 0, __ston_v; \
	const qse_wchar_t* __ston_ptr = nptr; \
	int __ston_base = base; \
	for (;;) { \
		qse_wchar_t __ston_c = *__ston_ptr; \
		if (__ston_c == QSE_WT(' ') || \
		    __ston_c == QSE_WT('\t')) { __ston_ptr++; continue; } \
		else if ((allowneg) && __ston_c == QSE_WT('-')) { __ston_f++; __ston_ptr++; } \
		else if (__ston_c == QSE_WT('+')) { __ston_ptr++; } \
		break; \
	} \
	if (base == 0) { \
		if (*__ston_ptr == QSE_WT('0')) { \
		       if (*(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_WT('x') || *(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_WT('X')) { __ston_base = 16; __ston_ptr += 2; } \
		       else { __ston_base = 8; __ston_ptr++; } \
		} \
		else __ston_base = 10; \
	} \
	for (value = 0; (__ston_v = QSE_WCHARTONUM(*__ston_ptr, __ston_base)) < __ston_base; __ston_ptr++) { \
		value = value * __ston_base + __ston_v; \
	} \
	if (endptr) *((const qse_wchar_t**)endptr) = __ston_ptr; \
	if (__ston_f > 0) value *= -1; \
} while(0)

/* qse_strxtonum (const qse_wchar_t* nptr, qse_size_t len, qse_wchar_t** endptr, int base) */
#define QSE_WCSXTONUM(value,nptr,len,endptr,base,allowneg) do {\
	int __ston_f = 0, __ston_v; \
	const qse_wchar_t* __ston_ptr = nptr; \
	const qse_wchar_t* __ston_end = __ston_ptr + len; \
	int __ston_base = base; \
	while (__ston_ptr < __ston_end) { \
		qse_wchar_t __ston_c = *__ston_ptr; \
		if (__ston_c == QSE_WT(' ') || __ston_c == QSE_WT('\t')) { \
			__ston_ptr++; continue; \
		} \
		else if ((allowneg) && __ston_c == QSE_WT('-')) { __ston_f++; __ston_ptr++; } \
		else if (__ston_c == QSE_WT('+')) { __ston_ptr++; } \
		break; \
	} \
	if (base == 0) { \
		if (__ston_ptr < __ston_end && *__ston_ptr == QSE_WT('0')) { \
		       if ((__ston_ptr < __ston_end - 1) && (*(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_WT('x') || *(__ston_ptr + 1) == QSE_WT('X'))) { __ston_base = 16; __ston_ptr += 2; } \
		       else { __ston_base = 8; __ston_ptr++; } \
		} \
		else __ston_base = 10; \
	} \
	for (value = 0; __ston_ptr < __ston_end && (__ston_v = QSE_WCHARTONUM(*__ston_ptr, __ston_base)) != __ston_base; __ston_ptr++) { \
		value = value * __ston_base + __ston_v; \
	} \
	if (endptr) *((const qse_wchar_t**)endptr) = __ston_ptr; \
	if (__ston_f > 0) value *= -1; \
} while(0)

/**
 * The qse_mbstrmx_flag_t defines a string trimming operation. 
 */
enum qse_mbstrmx_flag_t
{
	QSE_MBSTRMX_LEFT  = (1 << 0), /**< trim leading spaces */
#define QSE_MBSTRMX_LEFT QSE_MBSTRMX_LEFT
	QSE_MBSTRMX_RIGHT = (1 << 1)  /**< trim trailing spaces */
#define QSE_MBSTRMX_RIGHT QSE_MBSTRMX_RIGHT
};

/**
 * The qse_wcstrmx_flag_t defines a string trimming operation. 
 */
enum qse_wcstrmx_flag_t
{
	QSE_WCSTRMX_LEFT  = (1 << 0), /**< trim leading spaces */
#define QSE_WCSTRMX_LEFT QSE_WCSTRMX_LEFT
	QSE_WCSTRMX_RIGHT = (1 << 1)  /**< trim trailing spaces */
#define QSE_WCSTRMX_RIGHT QSE_WCSTRMX_RIGHT
};

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define QSE_STRTRMX_LEFT QSE_MBSTRMX_LEFT
#	define QSE_STRTRMX_RIGHT QSE_MBSTRMX_RIGHT
#else
#	define QSE_STRTRMX_LEFT QSE_WCSTRMX_LEFT
#	define QSE_STRTRMX_RIGHT QSE_WCSTRMX_RIGHT
#endif

enum qse_mbsfnmat_flag_t
{
	QSE_MBSFNMAT_PATHNAME   = (1 << 0),
#define QSE_MBSFNMAT_PATHNAME   QSE_MBSFNMAT_PATHNAME
	QSE_MBSFNMAT_NOESCAPE   = (1 << 1),
#define QSE_MBSFNMAT_NOESCAPE   QSE_MBSFNMAT_NOESCAPE
	QSE_MBSFNMAT_PERIOD     = (1 << 2),
#define QSE_MBSFNMAT_PERIOD     QSE_MBSFNMAT_PERIOD
	QSE_MBSFNMAT_IGNORECASE = (1 << 3)
#define QSE_MBSFNMAT_IGNORECASE QSE_MBSFNMAT_IGNORECASE
};

enum qse_wcsfnmat_flag_t
{
	QSE_WCSFNMAT_PATHNAME   = (1 << 0),
#define QSE_WCSFNMAT_PATHNAME   QSE_WCSFNMAT_PATHNAME
	QSE_WCSFNMAT_NOESCAPE   = (1 << 1),
#define QSE_WCSFNMAT_NOESCAPE   QSE_WCSFNMAT_NOESCAPE
	QSE_WCSFNMAT_PERIOD     = (1 << 2),
#define QSE_WCSFNMAT_PERIOD     QSE_WCSFNMAT_PERIOD
	QSE_WCSFNMAT_IGNORECASE = (1 << 3)
#define QSE_WCSFNMAT_IGNORECASE QSE_WCSFNMAT_IGNORECASE
};

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_PATHNAME   QSE_MBSFNMAT_PATHNAME
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_NOESCAPE   QSE_MBSFNMAT_NOESCAPE
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_PERIOD     QSE_MBSFNMAT_PERIOD
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_IGNORECASE QSE_MBSFNMAT_IGNORECASE
#else
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_PATHNAME   QSE_WCSFNMAT_PATHNAME
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_NOESCAPE   QSE_WCSFNMAT_NOESCAPE
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_PERIOD     QSE_WCSFNMAT_PERIOD
#	define QSE_STRFNMAT_IGNORECASE QSE_WCSFNMAT_IGNORECASE
#endif

#if defined(__cplusplus)
extern "C" {
#endif

/* 
 * basic string functions
 */

/**
 * The qse_mbslen() function returns the number of characters in a 
 * multibyte null-terminated string. The length returned excludes a 
 * terminating null.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbslen (
	const qse_mchar_t* mbs
);

/**
 * The qse_wcslen() function returns the number of characters in a 
 * wide-character null-terminated string. The length returned excludes 
 * a terminating null.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcslen (
	const qse_wchar_t* wcs
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsbytes() function returns the number of bytes a null-terminated
 * string is holding excluding a terminating null.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsbytes (
	const qse_mchar_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsbytes() function returns the number of bytes a null-terminated
 * string is holding excluding a terminating null.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsbytes (
	const qse_wchar_t* str
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strlen   qse_mbslen
#	define qse_strbytes qse_mbsbytes
#else
#	define qse_strlen   qse_wcslen
#	define qse_strbytes qse_wcsbytes
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbscpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcscpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxcpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxcpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsncpy() function copies a length-bounded string into
 * a buffer with unknown size. 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsncpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf, /**< buffer with unknown length */
	const qse_mchar_t* str, /**< length-bounded string */
	qse_size_t         len  /**< string length */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsncpy() function copies a length-bounded string into
 * a buffer with unknown size. 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsncpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf, /**< buffer with unknown length */
	const qse_wchar_t* str, /**< length-bounded string */
	qse_size_t         len  /**< string length */
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxncpy() function copies a length-bounded string into
 * a length-bounded buffer.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxncpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf, /**< length-bounded buffer */
	qse_size_t         bsz, /**< buffer length */
	const qse_mchar_t* str, /**< length-bounded string */
	qse_size_t         len  /**< string length */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxncpy() function copies a length-bounded string into
 * a length-bounded buffer.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxncpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf, /**< length-bounded buffer */
	qse_size_t         bsz, /**< buffer length */
	const qse_wchar_t* str, /**< length-bounded string */
	qse_size_t         len  /**< string length */
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strcpy       qse_mbscpy
#	define qse_strxcpy      qse_mbsxcpy
#	define qse_strncpy      qse_mbsncpy
#	define qse_strxncpy     qse_mbsxncpy
#else
#	define qse_strcpy       qse_wcscpy
#	define qse_strxcpy      qse_wcsxcpy
#	define qse_strncpy      qse_wcsncpy
#	define qse_strxncpy     qse_wcsxncpy
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsput (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf, 
	const qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsput (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf, 
	const qse_wchar_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxput() function copies the string \a str into the buffer \a buf
 * of the size \a bsz. Unlike qse_strxcpy(), it does not null-terminate the
 * buffer.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxput (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf, 
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxput() function copies the string \a str into the buffer \a buf
 * of the size \a bsz. Unlike qse_strxcpy(), it does not null-terminate the
 * buffer.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxput (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf, 
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxnput (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t        bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t        len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxnput (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strput       qse_mbsput
#	define qse_strxput      qse_mbsxput
#	define qse_strxnput     qse_mbsxnput
#else
#	define qse_strput       qse_wcsput
#	define qse_strxput      qse_wcsxput
#	define qse_strxnput     qse_wcsxnput
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbsfcpy() function formats a string by position.
 * The position specifier is a number enclosed in ${ and }.
 * When ${ is preceeded by a backslash, it is treated literally. 
 * See the example below:
 * \code
 *  qse_char_t buf[256]
 *  qse_char_t* colors[] = { QSE_MT("blue"), QSE_MT("green"), QSE_MT("red") };
 *  qse_mbsfcpy(buf, QSE_MT("RGB: ${2}, ${1}, ${0}"), colors);
 * \endcode
 * \sa qse_mbsfncpy, qse_mbsxfcpy, qse_mbsxfncpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsfcpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_mchar_t* str[]
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsfcpy() function formats a string by position.
 * The position specifier is a number enclosed in ${ and }.
 * When ${ is preceeded by a backslash, it is treated literally. 
 * See the example below:
 * \code
 *  qse_char_t buf[256]
 *  qse_char_t* colors[] = { QSE_WT("blue"), QSE_WT("green"), QSE_WT("red") };
 *  qse_wcsfcpy(buf, QSE_WT("RGB: ${2}, ${1}, ${0}"), colors);
 * \endcode
 * \sa qse_wcsfncpy, qse_wcsxfcpy, qse_wcsxfncpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsfcpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_wchar_t* str[]
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsfncpy() function formats a string by position.
 * It differs from qse_mbsfcpy() in that \a str is an array of the 
 * #qse_mcstr_t type.
 * \sa qse_mbsfcpy, qse_mbsxfcpy, qse_mbsxfncpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsfncpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_mcstr_t  str[]
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsfncpy() function formats a string by position.
 * It differs from qse_wcsfcpy() in that \a str is an array of the 
 * #qse_wcstr_t type.
 * \sa qse_wcsfcpy, qse_wcsxfcpy, qse_wcsxfncpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsfncpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_wcstr_t  str[]
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxfcpy() function formats a string by position.
 * It differs from qse_strfcpy() in that \a buf is length-bounded of \a bsz
 * characters.
 * \code
 *  qse_mchar_t buf[256]
 *  qse_mchar_t* colors[] = { QSE_MT("blue"), QSE_MT("green"), QSE_MT("red") };
 *  qse_mbsxfcpy(buf, QSE_COUNTOF(buf), QSE_MT("RGB: ${2}, ${1}, ${0}"), colors);
 * \endcode
 * \sa qse_mbsfcpy, qse_mbsfncpy, qse_mbsxfncpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxfcpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz, 
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_mchar_t* str[]
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxfcpy() function formats a string by position.
 * It differs from qse_wcsfcpy() in that \a buf is length-bounded of \a bsz
 * characters.
 * \code
 *  qse_char_t buf[256]
 *  qse_char_t* colors[] = { QSE_WT("blue"), QSE_WT("green"), QSE_WT("red") };
 *  qse_wcsxfcpy(buf, QSE_COUNTOF(buf), QSE_WT("RGB: ${2}, ${1}, ${0}"), colors);
 * \endcode
 * \sa qse_wcsfcpy, qse_wcsfncpy, qse_wcsxfncpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxfcpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz, 
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_wchar_t* str[]
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxfncpy() function formats a string by position.
 * It differs from qse_strfcpy() in that \a buf is length-bounded of \a bsz
 * characters and \a str is an array of the #qse_mcstr_t type.
 * \sa qse_mbsfcpy, qse_mbsfncpy, qse_mbsxfcpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxfncpy (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz, 
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_mcstr_t  str[]
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxfncpy() function formats a string by position.
 * It differs from qse_strfcpy() in that \a buf is length-bounded of \a bsz
 * characters and \a str is an array of the #qse_wcstr_t type.
 * \sa qse_wcsfcpy, qse_wcsfncpy, qse_wcsxfcpy
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxfncpy (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz, 
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	const qse_wcstr_t  str[]
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strfcpy        qse_mbsfcpy
#	define qse_strfncpy       qse_mbsfncpy
#	define qse_strxfcpy       qse_mbsxfcpy
#	define qse_strxfncpy      qse_mbsxfncpy
#else
#	define qse_strfcpy        qse_wcsfcpy
#	define qse_strfncpy       qse_wcsfncpy
#	define qse_strxfcpy       qse_wcsxfcpy
#	define qse_strxfncpy      qse_wcsxfncpy
#endif


QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsfmt (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsvfmt (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxfmt() function writes a formatted string into the buffer \a buf
 * of the size \a bsz using the format \a fmt and the variable arguments. It
 * doesn't write more than bsz characters including the terminating null 
 * chracter. If \a buf is #QSE_NULL, no characters are written to the buffer.
 * If conversion from a wide character string fails, the formatting is aborted
 * and the output buffer gets null-terminated.
 * 
 * \return 
 *   It returns the number of characters written to the buffer excluding the 
 *   terminating null. When \a buf is #QSE_NULL, it returns the number of 
 *   characters that would have been written excluding the terminating null
 *   if \a buf has not been #QSE_NULL. If conversion from a wide-character 
 *   string fails, it returns (qse_size_t)-1.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxfmt (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxvfmt (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsfmts (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsvfmts (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxfmt() function behaves the same as qse_mbsxfmt() except
 * that it returns (qse_size_t)-1 if the buffer is not large enough. 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxfmts (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxvfmts (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsfmt (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsvfmt (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxfmt() function writes a formatted string into the buffer \a buf
 * of the size \a bsz using the format \a fmt and the variable arguments. It
 * doesn't write more than bsz characters including the terminating null 
 * chracter. If \a buf is #QSE_NULL, no characters are written to the buffer.
 * If conversion from a multi-byte string fails, the formatting is aborted and
 * the output buffer gets null-terminated.
 * 
 * \return 
 *   It returns the number of characters written to the buffer excluding the 
 *   terminating null. When \a buf is #QSE_NULL, it returns the number of 
 *   characters that would have been written excluding the terminating null
 *   if \a buf has not been #QSE_NULL. If conversion from a multi-byte string
 *   fails, it returns (qse_size_t)-1.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxfmt (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxvfmt (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsfmts (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsvfmts (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxfmts() function behaves the same as qse_wcsxfmt() except
 * that it returns (qse_size_t)-1 if the buffer is not large enough.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxfmts (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxvfmts (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strfmt qse_mbsfmt
#	define qse_strvfmt qse_mbsvfmt
#	define qse_strxfmt qse_mbsxfmt
#	define qse_strxvfmt qse_mbsxvfmt

#	define qse_strfmts qse_mbsfmts
#	define qse_strvfmts qse_mbsvfmts
#	define qse_strxfmts qse_mbsxfmts
#	define qse_strxvfmts qse_mbsxvfmts
#else
#	define qse_strfmt qse_wcsfmt
#	define qse_strvfmt qse_wcsvfmt
#	define qse_strxfmt qse_wcsxfmt
#	define qse_strxvfmt qse_wcsxvfmt

#	define qse_strfmts qse_wcsfmts
#	define qse_strvfmts qse_wcsvfmts
#	define qse_strxfmts qse_wcsxfmts
#	define qse_strxvfmts qse_wcsxvfmts
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbsxsubst() function expands \a fmt into a buffer \a buf of the size
 * \a bsz by substituting new values for ${} segments within it. The actual
 * substitution is made by invoking the callback function \a subst. 
 * \code
 * qse_mchar_t* subst (qse_mchar_t* buf, qse_size_t bsz, const qse_mcstr_t* ident, void* ctx)
 * { 
 *   if (qse_mbsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_MT("USER")) == 0)
 *     return buf + qse_mbsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_MT("sam"));	
 *   else if (qse_mbsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_MT("GROUP")) == 0)
 *     return buf + qse_mbsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_MT("coders"));	
 *   return buf; 
 * }
 * 
 * qse_mchar_t buf[25];
 * qse_mbsxsubst (buf, i, QSE_MT("user=${USER},group=${GROUP}"), subst, QSE_NULL);
 * \endcode
 * 
 * If \a buf is #QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF, the function returns the length of the 
 * resulting string that a buffer large enough would be able to hold. You can 
 * pass #QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF to find out how large a buffer you need to perform 
 * substitution without truncation. The substitution callback function should 
 * handle this special case for buffer size prediction. The sample callback shown
 * above can be extended to return the buffer pointer without actual copying 
 * if the buffer points to #QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF as shown belown.
 *
 * \code
 * qse_mchar_t* subst (qse_mchar_t* buf, qse_size_t bsz, const qse_mcstr_t* ident, void* ctx)
 * { 
 *   if (qse_mcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_MT("USER")) == 0)
 *     return buf + (buf == QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF? 3: qse_mcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_MT("sam")));
 *   else if (qse_mcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_MT("GROUP")) == 0)
 *     return buf + (buf == QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF? 6: qse_mcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_MT("coders")));	
 *   return buf; 
 * }
 * 
 * len = qse_mbsxsubst (QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF, 0, QSE_MT("user=${USER},group=${GROUP}"), subst, QSE_NULL);
 * buf = malloc (QSE_SIZEOF(qse_mbs_t) * (len + 1));
 * qse_mbsxsubst (buf, len + 1, QSE_MT("user=${USER},group=${GROUP}"), subst, QSE_NULL);
 * \endcode
 *
 * A ${} segment may contain a default value. For example, the segment 
 * ${USER:=Unknown} translates to Unknown if the callback function returns 
 * #QSE_NULL for USER. The default value part may contain ${} segments 
 * recursively.
 *
 * \code
 * qse_mchar_t* subst (qse_mchar_t* buf, qse_size_t bsz, const qse_mcstr_t* ident, void* ctx)
 * { 
 *   if (qse_mbsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_MT("USER")) == 0)
 *     return QSE_NULL;
 *   else if (qse_mbsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_MT("GROUP")) == 0)
 *     return buf + (buf == QSE_MBSSUBST_NOBUF? 6: qse_wcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_MT("coders")));	
 *   return buf; 
 * }
 * \endcode
 *
 * Double dollars($$) translates a single literal dollar sign. 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxsubst (
	qse_mchar_t*           buf,
	qse_size_t             bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t*     fmt,
	qse_mbssubst_t         subst,
	void*                  ctx
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxnsubst (
	qse_mchar_t*           buf,
	qse_size_t             bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t*     fmt,
	qse_size_t             fsz,
	qse_mbssubst_t         subst,
	void*                  ctx
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxsubst() function expands \a fmt into a buffer \a buf of the size
 * \a bsz by substituting new values for ${} segments within it. The actual
 * substitution is made by invoking the callback function \a subst. 
 * \code
 * qse_wchar_t* subst (qse_wchar_t* buf, qse_size_t bsz, const qse_wcstr_t* ident, void* ctx)
 * { 
 *   if (qse_wcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_WT("USER")) == 0)
 *     return buf + qse_wcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_WT("sam"));	
 *   else if (qse_wcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_WT("GROUP")) == 0)
 *     return buf + qse_wcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_WT("coders"));	
 *   return buf; 
 * }
 * 
 * qse_wchar_t buf[25];
 * qse_wcsxsubst (buf, i, QSE_WT("user=${USER},group=${GROUP}"), subst, QSE_NULL);
 * \endcode
 *
 * If \a buf is #QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF, the function returns the length of the 
 * resulting string that a buffer large enough would be able to hold. You can 
 * pass #QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF to find out how large a buffer you need to perform 
 * substitution without truncation. The substitution callback function should 
 * handle this special case for buffer size prediction. The sample callback shown
 * above can be extended to return the buffer pointer without actual copying 
 *
 * \code
 * qse_mchar_t* subst (qse_mchar_t* buf, qse_size_t bsz, const qse_wcstr_t* ident, void* ctx)
 * { 
 *   if (qse_wcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_WT("USER")) == 0)
 *     return buf + (buf == QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF? 3: qse_wcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_WT("sam")));
 *   else if (qse_wcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_WT("GROUP")) == 0)
 *     return buf + (buf == QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF? 6: qse_wcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_WT("coders")));	
 *   return buf; 
 * }
 * 
 * len = qse_wcsxsubst (QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF, 0, QSE_WT("user=${USER},group=${GROUP}"), subst, QSE_NULL);
 * buf = malloc (QSE_SIZEOF(qse_wcs_t) * (len + 1));
 * qse_wcsxsubst (buf, len + 1, QSE_WT("user=${USER},group=${GROUP}"), subst, QSE_NULL);
 * \endcode
 *
 * A ${} segment may contain a default value. For example, the segment 
 * ${USER:=Unknown} translates to Unknown if the callback function returns 
 * #QSE_NULL for USER. The default value part may contain ${} segments 
 * recursively.
 *
 * \code
 * qse_mchar_t* subst (qse_mchar_t* buf, qse_size_t bsz, const qse_wcstr_t* ident, void* ctx)
 * { 
 *   if (qse_wcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_WT("USER")) == 0)
 *     return QSE_NULL;
 *   else if (qse_wcsxcmp (ident->ptr, ident->len, QSE_WT("GROUP")) == 0)
 *     return buf + (buf == QSE_WCSSUBST_NOBUF? 6: qse_wcsxput (buf, bsz, QSE_WT("coders")));	
 *   return buf; 
 * }
 * \endcode
 *
 * Double dollars($$) translates a single literal dollar sign. 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxsubst (
	qse_wchar_t*           buf,
	qse_size_t             bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t*     fmt,
	qse_wcssubst_t         subst,
	void*                  ctx
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxnsubst (
	qse_wchar_t*           buf,
	qse_size_t             bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t*     fmt,
	qse_size_t             fsz,
	qse_wcssubst_t         subst,
	void*                  ctx
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strxsubst  qse_mbsxsubst
#	define qse_strxnsubst qse_mbsxnsubst
#else
#	define qse_strxsubst  qse_wcsxsubst
#	define qse_strxnsubst qse_wcsxnsubst
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbscat (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsncat (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbscatn (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxcat (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxncat (
	qse_mchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcscat (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsncat (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcscatn (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxcat (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxncat (
	qse_wchar_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         bsz,
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strcat        qse_mbscat
#	define qse_strncat       qse_mbsncat
#	define qse_strcatn       qse_mbscatn
#	define qse_strxcat       qse_mbsxcat
#	define qse_strxncat      qse_mbsxncat
#else
#	define qse_strcat        qse_wcscat
#	define qse_strncat       qse_wcsncat
#	define qse_strcatn       qse_wcscatn
#	define qse_strxcat       qse_wcsxcat
#	define qse_strxncat      qse_wcsxncat
#endif


/* ---------------------------------------------------- */

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsjoin (
	qse_mchar_t* buf, 
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxjoin (
	qse_mchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsjoinv (
	qse_mchar_t* buf, 
	va_list      ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxjoinv (
	qse_mchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	va_list      ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbscajoin (
	qse_mchar_t* buf, 
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxcajoin (
	qse_mchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbscajoinv (
	qse_mchar_t* buf, 
	va_list      ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxcajoinv (
	qse_mchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	va_list      ap
);



/**
 * The qse_wcsjoin() function joins a list of wide-charcter strings into 
 * a buffer. The list of strings is terminated by QSE_NULL.
 *
 * \code
 *  qse_wcsjoin (x, QSE_T("hello"), QSE_T("world"), QSE_NULL);
 * \endcode
 *
 * \return the number of characters in the joined string excluding 
 *         the terminating null.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsjoin (
	qse_wchar_t* buf, 
	...
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxjoin() function acts like qse_wcsjoin() except it doens't
 * copy more than size characters. if the buffer is not large enough,
 * the result is truncated. If the buffer \a size given is 0, no terminating
 * null character is written to the buffer. 
 *
 * \return the number of characters in the joined string excluding 
 *         the terminating null.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxjoin (
	qse_wchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsjoinv (
	qse_wchar_t* buf, 
	va_list      ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxjoinv (
	qse_wchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	va_list      ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcscajoin (
	qse_wchar_t* buf, 
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxcajoin (
	qse_wchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcscajoinv (
	qse_wchar_t* buf, 
	va_list      ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxcajoinv (
	qse_wchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	va_list      ap
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strjoin         qse_mbsjoin
#	define qse_strxjoin        qse_mbsxjoin
#	define qse_strjoinv        qse_mbsjoinv
#	define qse_strxjoinv       qse_mbsxjoinv
#	define qse_strcajoin       qse_mbscajoin
#	define qse_strxcajoin      qse_mbsxcajoin
#	define qse_strcajoinv      qse_mbscajoinv
#	define qse_strxcajoinv     qse_mbsxcajoinv
#else
#	define qse_strjoin         qse_wcsjoin
#	define qse_strxjoin        qse_wcsxjoin
#	define qse_strjoinv        qse_wcsjoinv
#	define qse_strxjoinv       qse_wcsxjoinv
#	define qse_strcajoin       qse_wcscajoin
#	define qse_strxcajoin      qse_wcsxcajoin
#	define qse_strcajoinv      qse_wcscajoinv
#	define qse_strxcajoinv     qse_wcsxcajoinv
#endif
/* ---------------------------------------------------- */


QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbscmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,
	const qse_mchar_t* s2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcscmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,
	const qse_wchar_t* s2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxcmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,
	qse_size_t         ln1,
	const qse_mchar_t* s2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxcmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,
	qse_size_t         ln1,
	const qse_wchar_t* s2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxncmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,
	qse_size_t         ln1, 
	const qse_mchar_t* s2,
	qse_size_t         ln2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxncmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,
	qse_size_t         ln1, 
	const qse_wchar_t* s2,
	qse_size_t         ln2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbscasecmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,
	const qse_mchar_t* s2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcscasecmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,
	const qse_wchar_t* s2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxcasecmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,
	qse_size_t         ln,
	const qse_mchar_t* s2
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxcasecmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,
	qse_size_t         ln,
	const qse_wchar_t* s2
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxncasecmp() function compares characters at the same position 
 * in each string after converting them to the same case temporarily. 
 * It accepts two strings and a character class handler. A string is 
 * represented by its beginning pointer and length. 
 *
 * For two strings to be equal, they need to have the same length and all
 * characters in the first string must be equal to their counterpart in the
 * second string.
 *
 * The following code snippet compares "foo" and "FoO" case-insenstively.
 * \code
 * qse_mbsxncasecmp (QSE_MT("foo"), 3, QSE_MT("FoO"), 3);
 * \endcode
 *
 * \return 0 if two strings are equal, 
 *         a positive number if the first string is larger, 
 *         -1 if the second string is larger.
 *
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxncasecmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,  /**< pointer to the first string */
	qse_size_t         ln1, /**< length of the first string */ 
	const qse_mchar_t* s2,  /**< pointer to the second string */
	qse_size_t         ln2  /**< length of the second string */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxncasecmp() function compares characters at the same position 
 * in each string after converting them to the same case temporarily. 
 * It accepts two strings and a character class handler. A string is 
 * represented by its beginning pointer and length. 
 *
 * For two strings to be equal, they need to have the same length and all
 * characters in the first string must be equal to their counterpart in the
 * second string.
 *
 * The following code snippet compares "foo" and "FoO" case-insenstively.
 * \code
 * qse_wcsxncasecmp (QSE_WT("foo"), 3, QSE_WT("FoO"), 3);
 * \endcode
 *
 * \return 0 if two strings are equal, 
 *         a positive number if the first string is larger, 
 *         -1 if the second string is larger.
 *
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxncasecmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,  /**< pointer to the first string */
	qse_size_t         ln1, /**< length of the first string */ 
	const qse_wchar_t* s2,  /**< pointer to the second string */
	qse_size_t         ln2  /**< length of the second string */
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbszcmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,
	const qse_mchar_t* s2,
	qse_size_t         n
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbszcasecmp (
	const qse_mchar_t* s1,
	const qse_mchar_t* s2,
	qse_size_t         n
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcszcmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,
	const qse_wchar_t* s2,
	qse_size_t         n
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcszcasecmp (
	const qse_wchar_t* s1,
	const qse_wchar_t* s2,
	qse_size_t         n
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strcmp               qse_mbscmp
#	define qse_strxcmp              qse_mbsxcmp
#	define qse_strxncmp             qse_mbsxncmp
#	define qse_strcasecmp           qse_mbscasecmp
#	define qse_strxcasecmp          qse_mbsxcasecmp
#	define qse_strxncasecmp         qse_mbsxncasecmp
#	define qse_strzcmp              qse_mbszcmp
#	define qse_strzcasecmp          qse_mbszcasecmp
#else
#	define qse_strcmp               qse_wcscmp
#	define qse_strxcmp              qse_wcsxcmp
#	define qse_strxncmp             qse_wcsxncmp
#	define qse_strcasecmp           qse_wcscasecmp
#	define qse_strxcasecmp          qse_wcsxcasecmp
#	define qse_strxncasecmp         qse_wcsxncasecmp
#	define qse_strzcmp              qse_wcszcmp
#	define qse_strzcasecmp          qse_wcszcasecmp
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsdup (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsdup2 (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxdup (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len, 
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxdup2 (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	qse_size_t         len1,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2,
	qse_size_t         len2,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsadup (
	const qse_mchar_t* str[],
	qse_size_t*        len,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsdup (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsdup2 (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxdup (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len, 
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxdup2 (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	qse_size_t         len1,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2,
	qse_size_t         len2,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsadup (
	const qse_wchar_t* str[],
	qse_size_t*        len,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strdup         qse_mbsdup
#	define qse_strdup2        qse_mbsdup2
#	define qse_strxdup        qse_mbsxdup
#	define qse_strxdup2       qse_mbsxdup
#	define qse_stradup        qse_mbsadup
#else
#	define qse_strdup         qse_wcsdup
#	define qse_strdup2        qse_wcsdup2
#	define qse_strxdup        qse_wcsxdup
#	define qse_strxdup2       qse_wcsxdup
#	define qse_stradup        qse_wcsadup
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mcstrdup (
	const qse_mcstr_t* str,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mcstradup (
	const qse_mcstr_t str[],
	qse_size_t*       len,
	qse_mmgr_t*       mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcstrdup (
	const qse_wcstr_t* str,
	qse_mmgr_t*        mmgr
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcstradup (
	const qse_wcstr_t str[],
	qse_size_t*       len,
	qse_mmgr_t*       mmgr
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_cstrdup       qse_mcstrdup
#	define qse_cstradup      qse_mcstradup
#else
#	define qse_cstrdup       qse_wcstrdup
#	define qse_cstradup      qse_wcstradup
#endif


/**
 * The qse_mbsstr() function searchs a string \a str for the first occurrence 
 * of a substring \a sub.
 * \return pointer to the first occurrence in \a str if \a sub is found, 
 *         #QSE_NULL if not.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsstr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsstr() function searchs a string \a str for the first occurrence 
 * of a substring \a sub.
 * \return pointer to the first occurrence in \a str if \a sub is found, 
 *         #QSE_NULL if not.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsstr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxstr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxstr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxnstr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxnstr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbscasestr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcscasestr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxcasestr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxcasestr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxncasestr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxncasestr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsrstr() function searchs a string \a str for the last occurrence 
 * of a substring \a sub.
 * \return pointer to the last occurrence in \a str if \a sub is found, 
 *         #QSE_NULL if not.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsrstr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsrstr() function searchs a string \a str for the last occurrence 
 * of a substring \a sub.
 * \return pointer to the last occurrence in \a str if \a sub is found, 
 *         #QSE_NULL if not.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsrstr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxrstr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxrstr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxnrstr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxnrstr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsrcasestr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsrcasestr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxrcasestr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxrcasestr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxnrcasestr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxnrcasestr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         strsz, 
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         subsz
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strstr        qse_mbsstr
#	define qse_strxstr       qse_mbsxstr
#	define qse_strxnstr      qse_mbsxnstr
#	define qse_strcasestr    qse_mbscasestr
#	define qse_strxcasestr   qse_mbsxcasestr
#	define qse_strxncasestr  qse_mbsxncasestr
#	define qse_strrstr       qse_mbsrstr
#	define qse_strxrstr      qse_mbsxrstr
#	define qse_strxnrstr     qse_mbsxnrstr
#	define qse_strrcasestr   qse_mbsrcasestr
#	define qse_strxrcasestr  qse_mbsxrcasestr
#	define qse_strxnrcasestr qse_mbsxnrcasestr
#else
#	define qse_strstr        qse_wcsstr
#	define qse_strxstr       qse_wcsxstr
#	define qse_strxnstr      qse_wcsxnstr
#	define qse_strcasestr    qse_wcscasestr
#	define qse_strxcasestr   qse_wcsxcasestr
#	define qse_strxncasestr  qse_wcsxncasestr
#	define qse_strrstr       qse_wcsrstr
#	define qse_strxrstr      qse_wcsxrstr
#	define qse_strxnrstr     qse_wcsxnrstr
#	define qse_strrcasestr   qse_wcsrcasestr
#	define qse_strxrcasestr  qse_wcsxrcasestr
#	define qse_strxnrcasestr qse_wcsxnrcasestr
#endif

QSE_EXPORT const qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsword (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* word,
	qse_mchar_t        extra_delim
);

QSE_EXPORT const qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsword (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* word,
	qse_wchar_t        extra_delim
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxword() function finds a whole word in a string.
 * The word can be delimited by white spaces or an extra delimiter
 * \a extra_delim. Pass QSE_MT('\0') if no extra delimiter is
 * needed.
 */
QSE_EXPORT const qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxword (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* word,
	qse_mchar_t        extra_delim
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxword() function finds a whole word in a string.
 * The word can be delimited by white spaces or an extra delimiter
 * \a extra_delim. Pass QSE_WT('\0') if no extra delimiter is
 * needed.
 */
QSE_EXPORT const qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxword (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* word,
	qse_wchar_t        extra_delim
);

QSE_EXPORT const qse_mchar_t* qse_mbscaseword (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* word,
	qse_mchar_t        extra_delim
);

QSE_EXPORT const qse_wchar_t* qse_wcscaseword (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* word,
	qse_wchar_t        extra_delim
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxcaseword() function finds a whole word in a string 
 * case-insensitively.
 */
QSE_EXPORT const qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxcaseword (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* word,
	qse_mchar_t        extra_delim
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxcaseword() function finds a whole word in a string 
 * case-insensitively.
 */
QSE_EXPORT const qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxcaseword (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* word,
	qse_wchar_t        extra_delim
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strword      qse_mbsword
#	define qse_strxword     qse_mbsxword
#	define qse_strcaseword  qse_mbscaseword
#	define qse_strxcaseword qse_mbsxcaseword
#else
#	define qse_strword      qse_wcsword
#	define qse_strxword     qse_wcsxword
#	define qse_strcaseword  qse_wcscaseword
#	define qse_strxcaseword qse_wcsxcaseword
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbschr() function finds a chracter in a string. 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbschr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_mcint_t        c
);

/**
 * The qse_wcschr() function finds a chracter in a string. 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcschr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_wcint_t        c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxchr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	qse_mcint_t        c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxchr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	qse_wcint_t        c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsrchr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_wcint_t        c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsrchr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_mcint_t        c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxrchr (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	qse_mcint_t        c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxrchr (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	qse_wcint_t        c
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strchr    qse_mbschr
#	define qse_strxchr   qse_mbsxchr
#	define qse_strrchr   qse_mbsrchr
#	define qse_strxrchr  qse_mbsxrchr
#else
#	define qse_strchr    qse_wcschr
#	define qse_strxchr   qse_wcsxchr
#	define qse_strrchr   qse_wcsrchr
#	define qse_strxrrchr qse_wcsxrchr
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbsbeg() function checks if a string begins with a substring.
 * \return pointer to the beginning of a matching beginning, 
 *         #SE_NULL if no match is found.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsbeg (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsbeg() function checks if a string begins with a substring.
 * \return pointer to the beginning of a matching beginning, 
 *         #QSE_NULL if no match is found.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsbeg (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxbeg (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxbeg (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsnbeg (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsnbeg (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxnbeg (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len1, 
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxnbeg (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len1, 
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbscasebeg (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcscasebeg (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strbeg         qse_mbsbeg
#	define qse_strxbeg        qse_mbsxbeg
#	define qse_strnbeg        qse_mbsnbeg
#	define qse_strxnbeg       qse_mbsxnbeg
#	define qse_strcasebeg     qse_mbscasebeg
#else
#	define qse_strbeg         qse_wcsbeg
#	define qse_strxbeg        qse_wcsxbeg
#	define qse_strnbeg        qse_wcsnbeg
#	define qse_strxnbeg       qse_wcsxnbeg
#	define qse_strcasebeg     qse_wcscasebeg
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbsend() function checks if a string ends with a substring.
 * \return pointer to the beginning of a matching ending, 
 *         #SE_NULL if no match is found.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsend (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsend() function checks if a string ends with a substring.
 * \return pointer to the beginning of a matching ending, 
 *         #QSE_NULL if no match is found.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsend (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxend (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxend (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsnend (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsnend (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxnend (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len1, 
	const qse_mchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxnend (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len1, 
	const qse_wchar_t* sub,
	qse_size_t         len2
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strend         qse_mbsend
#	define qse_strxend        qse_mbsxend
#	define qse_strnend        qse_mbsnend
#	define qse_strxnend       qse_mbsxnend
#else
#	define qse_strend         qse_wcsend
#	define qse_strxend        qse_wcsxend
#	define qse_strnend        qse_wcsnend
#	define qse_strxnend       qse_wcsxnend
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsspn (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsspn (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbscspn (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcscspn (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strspn   qse_mbsspn
#	define qse_strcspn  qse_mbscspn
#else
#	define qse_strspn   qse_wcsspn
#	define qse_strcspn   qse_wcscspn
#endif

/*
 * The qse_mbspbrk() function searches \a str1 for the first occurrence of 
 * a character in \a str2.
 * \return pointer to the first occurrence in \a str1 if one is found.
 *         QSE_NULL if none is found.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbspbrk (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxpbrk (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsrpbrk (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxrpbrk (
	const qse_mchar_t* str1,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* str2
);

/*
 * The qse_wcspbrk() function searches \a str1 for the first occurrence of 
 * a character in \a str2.
 * \return pointer to the first occurrence in \a str1 if one is found.
 *         QSE_NULL if none is found.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcspbrk (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxpbrk (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsrpbrk (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxrpbrk (
	const qse_wchar_t* str1,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* str2
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strpbrk       qse_mbspbrk
#	define qse_strxpbrk      qse_mbsxpbrk
#	define qse_strrpbrk      qse_mbsrpbrk
#	define qse_strxrpbrk     qse_mbsxrpbrk
#else
#	define qse_strpbrk       qse_wcspbrk
#	define qse_strxpbrk      qse_wcsxpbrk
#	define qse_strrpbrk      qse_wcsrpbrk
#	define qse_strxrpbrk     qse_wcsxrpbrk
#endif

/* 
 * string conversion
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbstoi (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT long int qse_mbstol (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned int qse_mbstoui (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned long int qse_mbstoul (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);
/* ----- */

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxtoi (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT long int qse_mbsxtol (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned int qse_mbsxtoui (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned long int qse_mbsxtoul (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

/* ----- */

QSE_EXPORT qse_int_t qse_mbstoint (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_long_t qse_mbstolong (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_intmax_t qse_mbstointmax (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

/* ----- */

QSE_EXPORT qse_uint_t qse_mbstouint (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_ulong_t qse_mbstoulong (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_uintmax_t qse_mbstouintmax (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

/* ----- */

QSE_EXPORT qse_int_t qse_mbsxtoint (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str, 
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_long_t qse_mbsxtolong (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_intmax_t qse_mbsxtointmax (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

/* ----- */

QSE_EXPORT qse_uint_t qse_mbsxtouint (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_ulong_t qse_mbsxtoulong (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_uintmax_t qse_mbsxtouintmax (
	const qse_mchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_mchar_t** end
);
/* ------------------------------------------------------ */

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcstoi (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT long int qse_wcstol (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned int qse_wcstoui (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned long int qse_wcstoul (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);
/* ----- */

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxtoi (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT long int qse_wcsxtol (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned int qse_wcsxtoui (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT unsigned long int qse_wcsxtoul (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);
/* ----- */
QSE_EXPORT qse_int_t qse_wcstoint (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_long_t qse_wcstolong (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_intmax_t qse_wcstointmax (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);
/* ----- */
QSE_EXPORT qse_uint_t qse_wcstouint (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_ulong_t qse_wcstoulong (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_uintmax_t qse_wcstouintmax (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);
/* ----- */
QSE_EXPORT qse_int_t qse_wcsxtoint (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str, 
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_long_t qse_wcsxtolong (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_intmax_t qse_wcsxtointmax (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

/* ----- */
QSE_EXPORT qse_uint_t qse_wcsxtouint (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_ulong_t qse_wcsxtoulong (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_uintmax_t qse_wcsxtouintmax (
	const qse_wchar_t*  str,
	qse_size_t          len,
	int                 base,
	const qse_wchar_t** end
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)

#	define qse_strtoi        qse_mbstoi
#	define qse_strtol        qse_mbstol
#	define qse_strtoui       qse_mbstoui
#	define qse_strtoul       qse_mbstoul
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strxtoi       qse_mbsxtoi
#	define qse_strxtol       qse_mbsxtol
#	define qse_strxtoui      qse_mbsxtoui
#	define qse_strxtoul      qse_mbsxtoul
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strtoint      qse_mbstoint
#	define qse_strtolong     qse_mbstolong
#	define qse_strtointmax   qse_mbstointmax
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strtouint     qse_mbstouint
#	define qse_strtoulong    qse_mbstoulong
#	define qse_strtouintmax  qse_mbstouintmax
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strxtoint     qse_mbsxtoint
#	define qse_strxtolong    qse_mbsxtolong
#	define qse_strxtointmax  qse_mbsxtointmax
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strxtouint    qse_mbsxtouint
#	define qse_strxtoulong   qse_mbsxtoulong
#	define qse_strxtouintmax qse_mbsxtouintmax

#else

#	define qse_strtoi        qse_wcstoi
#	define qse_strtol        qse_wcstol
#	define qse_strtoui       qse_wcstoui
#	define qse_strtoul       qse_wcstoul
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strxtoi       qse_wcsxtoi
#	define qse_strxtol       qse_wcsxtol
#	define qse_strxtoui      qse_wcsxtoui
#	define qse_strxtoul      qse_wcsxtoul
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strtoint      qse_wcstoint
#	define qse_strtolong     qse_wcstolong
#	define qse_strtointmax   qse_wcstointmax
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strtouint     qse_wcstouint
#	define qse_strtoulong    qse_wcstoulong
#	define qse_strtouintmax  qse_wcstouintmax
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strxtoint     qse_wcsxtoint
#	define qse_strxtolong    qse_wcsxtolong
#	define qse_strxtointmax  qse_wcsxtointmax
/* ----- */
#	define qse_strxtouint    qse_wcsxtouint
#	define qse_strxtoulong   qse_wcsxtoulong
#	define qse_strxtouintmax qse_wcsxtouintmax

#endif


QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbshextobin (
	const qse_mchar_t* hex,
	qse_size_t         hexlen,
	qse_uint8_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         buflen
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcshextobin (
	const qse_wchar_t* hex,
	qse_size_t         hexlen,
	qse_uint8_t*       buf,
	qse_size_t         buflen
);


#define QSE_BYTETOSTR_RADIXMASK (0xFF)
#define QSE_BYTETOSTR_LOWERCASE (1 << 8)

qse_size_t qse_bytetombs (
	qse_byte_t   byte,  
	qse_mchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	int          flagged_radix,
	qse_mchar_t  fill
);

qse_size_t qse_bytetowcs (
	qse_byte_t   byte,  
	qse_wchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   size,
	int          flagged_radix,
	qse_wchar_t  fill
);


#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strhextobin qse_mbshextobin
#	define qse_bytetostr qse_bytetombs
#else
#	define qse_strhextobin qse_wcshextobin
#	define qse_bytetostr qse_bytetowcs
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsdel (
	qse_mchar_t* str, 
	qse_size_t   pos,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsdel (
	qse_wchar_t* str, 
	qse_size_t   pos,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxdel (
	qse_mchar_t* str, 
	qse_size_t   len,
	qse_size_t   pos,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxdel (
	qse_wchar_t* str, 
	qse_size_t   len,
	qse_size_t   pos,
	qse_size_t   n
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strdel      qse_mbsdel
#	define qse_strxdel     qse_mbsxdel
#else
#	define qse_strdel      qse_wcsdel
#	define qse_strxdel     qse_wcsxdel
#endif


QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsexcl (
	qse_mchar_t*       str,
	const qse_mchar_t* cs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxexcl (
	qse_mchar_t*       str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* cs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsexcl (
	qse_wchar_t*       str,
	const qse_wchar_t* cs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxexcl (
	qse_wchar_t*       str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* cs
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strexcl      qse_mbsexcl
#	define qse_strxexcl     qse_mbsxexcl
#else
#	define qse_strexcl      qse_wcsexcl
#	define qse_strxexcl     qse_wcsxexcl
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsincl (
	qse_mchar_t*       str,
	const qse_mchar_t* cs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxincl (
	qse_mchar_t*       str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* cs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsincl (
	qse_wchar_t*       str,
	const qse_wchar_t* cs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxincl (
	qse_wchar_t*       str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* cs
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strincl      qse_mbsincl
#	define qse_strxincl     qse_mbsxincl
#else
#	define qse_strincl      qse_wcsincl
#	define qse_strxincl     qse_wcsxincl
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsset (
	qse_mchar_t* buf,
	qse_mchar_t  c,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsset (
	qse_wchar_t* buf,
	qse_wchar_t  c,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxset (
	qse_mchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   bsz,
	qse_mchar_t  c,
	qse_size_t   n
);


QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxset (
	qse_wchar_t* buf,
	qse_size_t   bsz,
	qse_wchar_t  c,
	qse_size_t   n
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strset  qse_mbsset
#	define qse_strxset qse_mbsxset
#else
#	define qse_strset  qse_wcsset
#	define qse_strxset qse_wcsxset
#endif

/* case conversion */

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbslwr (
	qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcslwr (
	qse_wchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsupr (
	qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsupr (
	qse_wchar_t* str
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strlwr qse_mbslwr;
#	define qse_strupr qse_mbsupr;
#else
#	define qse_strlwr qse_wcslwr;
#	define qse_strupr qse_wcsupr;
#endif


QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsrev (
	qse_mchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsrev (
	qse_wchar_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxrev (
	qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t   len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxrev (
	qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t   len
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strrev      qse_mbsrev
#	define qse_strxrev     qse_mbsxrev
#else
#	define qse_strrev      qse_wcsrev
#	define qse_strxrev     qse_wcsxrev
#endif

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsrot (
	qse_mchar_t* str,
	int          dir,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsrot (
	qse_wchar_t* str,
	int          dir,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxrot (
	qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t   len,
	int          dir,
	qse_size_t   n
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxrot (
	qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t   len,
	int          dir,
	qse_size_t   n
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strrot      qse_mbsrot
#	define qse_strxrot     qse_mbsrot
#else
#	define qse_strrot      qse_wcsrot
#	define qse_strxrot     qse_wcsrot
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbsspl() function splits a string into fields.
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsspl (
	qse_mchar_t*       str,
	const qse_mchar_t* delim,
	qse_mchar_t        lquote,
	qse_mchar_t        rquote,
	qse_mchar_t        escape
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsspl() function splits a string into fields.
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsspl (
	qse_wchar_t*       str,
	const qse_wchar_t* delim,
	qse_wchar_t        lquote,
	qse_wchar_t        rquote,
	qse_wchar_t        escape
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsspltrn() function splits a string translating special 
 * escape sequences.
 * The argument \a trset is a translation character set which is composed
 * of multiple character pairs. An escape character followed by the 
 * first character in a pair is translated into the second character
 * in the pair. If trset is #QSE_NULL, no translation is performed. 
 *
 * Let's translate a sequence of '\n' and '\r' to a new line and a carriage
 * return respectively.
 * \code
 *   nfields = qse_mbsspltrn (
 *       str, QSE_MT(':'), QSE_MT('['), QSE_MT(']'), 
 *       QSE_MT('\\'), QSE_MT("n\nr\r")
 *   );
 * \endcode
 * Given [xxx]:[\rabc\ndef]:[] as an input, the example translates the second 
 * fields to <CR>abc<NL>def where <CR> is a carriage return and <NL> is a 
 * new line.
 *
 * If you don't need translation, you may call qse_mbsspl() instead.
 * \return number of resulting fields on success, -1 on failure
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsspltrn (
	qse_mchar_t*       str,
	const qse_mchar_t* delim,
	qse_mchar_t        lquote,
	qse_mchar_t        rquote,
	qse_mchar_t        escape,
	const qse_mchar_t* trset
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsspltrn() function splits a string translating special 
 * escape sequences.
 * The argument \a trset is a translation character set which is composed
 * of multiple character pairs. An escape character followed by the 
 * first character in a pair is translated into the second character
 * in the pair. If trset is #QSE_NULL, no translation is performed. 
 *
 * Let's translate a sequence of '\n' and '\r' to a new line and a carriage
 * return respectively.
 * \code
 *   nfields = qse_wcsspltrn (
 *       str, QSE_WT(':'), QSE_WT('['), QSE_WT(']'), 
 *       QSE_WT('\\'), QSE_WT("n\nr\r")
 *   );
 * \endcode
 * Given [xxx]:[\rabc\ndef]:[] as an input, the example breaks the second 
 * fields to <CR>abc<NL>def where <CR> is a carriage return and <NL> is a 
 * new line.
 *
 * If you don't need translation, you may call qse_wcsspl() instead.
 * \return number of resulting fields on success, -1 on failure
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsspltrn (
	qse_wchar_t*       str,
	const qse_wchar_t* delim,
	qse_wchar_t        lquote,
	qse_wchar_t        rquote,
	qse_wchar_t        escape,
	const qse_wchar_t* trset
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strspl    qse_mbsspl
#	define qse_strspltrn qse_mbsspltrn
#else
#	define qse_strspl    qse_wcsspl
#	define qse_strspltrn qse_wcsspltrn
#endif


QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbstok (
	const qse_mchar_t* s,
	const qse_mchar_t* delim, 
	qse_mcstr_t*       tok
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxtok (
	const qse_mchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* delim,
	qse_mcstr_t*       tok
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxntok (
	const qse_mchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_mchar_t* delim,
	qse_size_t         delim_len, 
	qse_mcstr_t*       tok
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcstok (
	const qse_wchar_t* s,
	const qse_wchar_t* delim, 
	qse_wcstr_t*       tok
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxtok (
	const qse_wchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* delim,
	qse_wcstr_t*       tok
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxntok (
	const qse_wchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len,
	const qse_wchar_t* delim,
	qse_size_t         delim_len, 
	qse_wcstr_t*       tok
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strtok      qse_mbstok
#	define qse_strxtok     qse_mbsxtok
#	define qse_strxntok    qse_mbsxntok
#else
#	define qse_strtok      qse_wcstok
#	define qse_strxtok     qse_wcsxtok
#	define qse_strxntok    qse_wcsxntok
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbstrmx() function strips leading spaces and/or trailing
 * spaces off a string depending on the opt parameter. You can form
 * the op parameter by bitwise-OR'ing one or more of the following
 * values:
 *
 * - QSE_MBSTRMX_LEFT - trim leading spaces
 * - QSE_MBSTRMX_RIGHT - trim trailing spaces
 *
 * Should it remove leading spaces, it just returns the pointer to
 * the first non-space character in the string. Should it remove trailing
 * spaces, it inserts a QSE_MT('\0') character after the last non-space
 * characters. Take note of this behavior.
 *
 * \code
 * qse_mchar_t a[] = QSE_MT("   this is a test string   ");
 * qse_mbstrmx (a, QSE_MBSTRMX_LEFT|QSE_MBSTRMX_RIGHT);
 * \endcode
 *
 * \return pointer to a trimmed string.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbstrmx (
	qse_mchar_t* str,   /**< string */
	int          flags  /**< option OR'ed of #qse_mbstrmx_flag_t values */
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbsxtrmx (
	qse_mchar_t* str,   /**< string */
	qse_size_t*  len,   /**< [IN/OUT] length */
	int          flags  /**< option OR'ed of #qse_mbstrmx_flag_t values */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcstrmx() function strips leading spaces and/or trailing
 * spaces off a string depending on the opt parameter. You can form
 * the op parameter by bitwise-OR'ing one or more of the following
 * values:
 *
 * - QSE_WCSTRMX_LEFT - trim leading spaces
 * - QSE_WCSTRMX_RIGHT - trim trailing spaces
 *
 * Should it remove leading spaces, it just returns the pointer to
 * the first non-space character in the string. Should it remove trailing
 * spaces, it inserts a QSE_WT('\0') character after the last non-space
 * characters. Take note of this behavior.
 *
 * \code
 * qse_wchar_t a[] = QSE_WT("   this is a test string   ");
 * qse_wcstrmx (a, QSE_STRTRMX_LEFT|QSE_STRTRMX_RIGHT);
 * \endcode
 *
 * \return pointer to a trimmed string.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcstrmx (
	qse_wchar_t* str,   /**< string */
	int          flags  /**< option OR'ed of #qse_wcstrmx_flag_t values */
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcsxtrmx (
	qse_wchar_t* str,   /**< string */
	qse_size_t*  len,   /**< [IN/OUT] length */
	int          flags  /**< option OR'ed of #qse_wcstrmx_flag_t values */
);

/**
 * The qse_mbstrm() function strips leading spaces and/or trailing
 * spaces off a string. All characters between the first and the last non-space
 * character inclusive are relocated to the beginning of memory pointed to 
 * by \a str; QSE_MT('\0') is inserted after the last non-space character.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbstrm (
	qse_mchar_t* str /**< string */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcstrm() function strips leading spaces and/or trailing
 * spaces off a string. All characters between the first and the last non-space
 * character inclusive are relocated to the beginning of memory pointed to 
 * by \a str; QSE_WT('\0') is inserted after the last non-space character.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcstrm (
	qse_wchar_t* str /**< string */
);

/**
 * The qse_mbsxtrm() function strips leading spaces and/or trailing
 * spaces off a string. All characters between the first and the last non-space
 * character inclusive are relocated to the beginning of memory pointed to 
 * by \a str; QSE_MT('\0') is inserted after the last non-space character.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxtrm (
	qse_mchar_t* str, /**< string */
	qse_size_t   len  /**< length */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxtrm() function strips leading spaces and/or trailing
 * spaces off a string. All characters between the first and the last non-space
 * character inclusive are relocated to the beginning of memory pointed to 
 * by \a str; QSE_WT('\0') is inserted after the last non-space character.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxtrm (
	qse_wchar_t* str, /**< string */
	qse_size_t   len  /**< length */
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strtrmx      qse_mbstrmx
#	define qse_strxtrmx     qse_mbsxtrmx
#	define qse_strtrm       qse_mbstrm
#	define qse_strxtrm      qse_mbsxtrm
#else
#	define qse_strtrmx       qse_wcstrmx
#	define qse_strxtrmx      qse_wcsxtrmx
#	define qse_strtrm        qse_wcstrm
#	define qse_strxtrm       qse_wcsxtrm
#endif

/**
 * The qse_mbspac() function folds repeated whitespaces into one as well
 * as stripping leading whitespaces and trailing whitespaces.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbspac (
	qse_mchar_t* str /**< string */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcspac() function folds repeated whitespaces into one as well
 * as stripping leading whitespaces and trailing whitespaces.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcspac (
	qse_wchar_t* str /**< string */
);


/**
 * The qse_mbsxpac() function folds repeated whitespaces into one as well
 * as stripping leading whitespaces and trailing whitespaces.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbsxpac (
	qse_mchar_t* str, /**< string */
	qse_size_t   len  /**< length */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcsxpac() function folds repeated whitespaces into one as well
 * as stripping leading whitespaces and trailing whitespaces.
 * \return length of the string without leading and trailing spaces.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcsxpac (
	qse_wchar_t* str, /**< string */
	qse_size_t   len  /**< length */
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strpac      qse_mbspac
#	define qse_strxpac     qse_mbsxpac
#else
#	define qse_strpac      qse_wcspac
#	define qse_strxpac     qse_wcsxpac
#endif

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsfnmat (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* ptn,
	int                flags
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxfnmat  (
     const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         slen,
	const qse_mchar_t* ptn,
	int                flags
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsnfnmat  (
     const qse_mchar_t* str,
	const qse_mchar_t* ptn,
	qse_size_t         plen,
	int                flags
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxnfnmat (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         slen,
	const qse_mchar_t* ptn,
	qse_size_t         plen,
	int                flags
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsfnmat (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* ptn,
	int                flags
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxfnmat  (
     const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         slen,
	const qse_wchar_t* ptn,
	int                flags
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsnfnmat  (
     const qse_wchar_t* str,
	const qse_wchar_t* ptn,
	qse_size_t         plen,
	int                flags
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxnfnmat (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         slen,
	const qse_wchar_t* ptn,
	qse_size_t         plen,
	int                flags
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_strfnmat        qse_mbsfnmat
#	define qse_strxfnmat       qse_mbsxfnmat
#	define qse_strnfnmat       qse_mbsnfnmat
#	define qse_strxnfnmat      qse_mbsxnfnmat
#else
#	define qse_strfnmat        qse_wcsfnmat
#	define qse_strxfnmat       qse_wcsxfnmat
#	define qse_strnfnmat       qse_wcsnfnmat
#	define qse_strxnfnmat      qse_wcsxnfnmat
#endif

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsistype (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_mctype_t       type
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbsxistype (
	const qse_mchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	qse_mctype_t       type
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsistype (
	const qse_wchar_t* str, 
	qse_wctype_t       type
);

QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcsxistype (
	const qse_wchar_t* str,
	qse_size_t         len,
	qse_wctype_t       type
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_stristype  qse_mbsistype
#	define qse_strxistype qse_mbsxistype
#else
#	define qse_stristype  qse_wcsistype
#	define qse_strxistype qse_wcsxistype
#endif
/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * The qse_mbs_open() function creates a dynamically resizable multibyte string.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mbs_t* qse_mbs_open (
	qse_mmgr_t* mmgr,
	qse_size_t  ext,
	qse_size_t  capa
);

QSE_EXPORT void qse_mbs_close (
	qse_mbs_t* mbs
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_init() function initializes a dynamically resizable string
 * If the parameter capa is 0, it doesn't allocate the internal buffer 
 * in advance and always succeeds.
 * \return 0 on success, -1 on failure.
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbs_init (
	qse_mbs_t*  mbs,
	qse_mmgr_t* mmgr,
	qse_size_t  capa
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_fini() function finalizes a dynamically resizable string.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_mbs_fini (
	qse_mbs_t* mbs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mmgr_t* qse_mbs_getmmgr (
	qse_mbs_t* mbs
);

QSE_EXPORT void* qse_mbs_getxtn (
	qse_mbs_t* mbs
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_yield() function assigns the buffer to an variable of the
 * #qse_mcstr_t type and recreate a new buffer of the \a new_capa capacity.
 * The function fails if it fails to allocate a new buffer.
 * \return 0 on success, and -1 on failure.
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_mbs_yield (
	qse_mbs_t*   str,    /**< string */
	qse_mcstr_t* buf,    /**< buffer pointer */
	qse_size_t   newcapa /**< new capacity */
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mchar_t* qse_mbs_yieldptr (
	qse_mbs_t*   str,    /**< string */
	qse_size_t   newcapa /**< new capacity */
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_getsizer() function gets the sizer.
 * \return sizer function set or QSE_NULL if no sizer is set.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_mbs_sizer_t qse_mbs_getsizer (
	qse_mbs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_setsizer() function specify a new sizer for a dynamic string.
 * With no sizer specified, the dynamic string doubles the current buffer
 * when it needs to increase its size. The sizer function is passed a dynamic
 * string and the minimum capacity required to hold data after resizing.
 * The string is truncated if the sizer function returns a smaller number
 * than the hint passed.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_mbs_setsizer (
	qse_mbs_t*      str,
	qse_mbs_sizer_t sizer
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_getcapa() function returns the current capacity.
 * You may use QSE_STR_CAPA(str) macro for performance sake.
 * \return current capacity in number of characters.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_getcapa (
	qse_mbs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_setcapa() function sets the new capacity. If the new capacity
 * is smaller than the old, the overflowing characters are removed from
 * from the buffer.
 * \return (qse_size_t)-1 on failure, new capacity on success 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_setcapa (
	qse_mbs_t* str,
	qse_size_t capa
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_getlen() function return the string length.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_getlen (
	qse_mbs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_setlen() function changes the string length.
 * \return (qse_size_t)-1 on failure, new length on success 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_setlen (
	qse_mbs_t* str,
	qse_size_t len
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_clear() funtion deletes all characters in a string and sets
 * the length to 0. It doesn't resize the internal buffer.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_mbs_clear (
	qse_mbs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_mbs_swap() function exchanges the pointers to a buffer between
 * two strings. It updates the length and the capacity accordingly.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_mbs_swap (
	qse_mbs_t* str1,
	qse_mbs_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_cpy (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* s
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_ncpy (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_cat (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* s
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_ncat (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_nrcat (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_ccat (
	qse_mbs_t*  str,
	qse_mchar_t c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_nccat (
	qse_mbs_t*  str,
	qse_mchar_t c,
	qse_size_t  len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_del (
	qse_mbs_t* str,
	qse_size_t index,
	qse_size_t size
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_amend (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	qse_size_t         index,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_mchar_t* repl
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_trm (
	qse_mbs_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_pac (
	qse_mbs_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_fcat (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_vfcat (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_fmt (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_mbs_vfmt (
	qse_mbs_t*         str,
	const qse_mchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- */


/**
 * The qse_wcs_open() function creates a dynamically resizable wide-character
 * string.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wcs_t* qse_wcs_open (
	qse_mmgr_t* mmgr,
	qse_size_t  ext,
	qse_size_t  capa
);

QSE_EXPORT void qse_wcs_close (
	qse_wcs_t* wcs
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_init() function initializes a dynamically resizable string
 * If the parameter capa is 0, it doesn't allocate the internal buffer 
 * in advance and always succeeds.
 * \return 0 on success, -1 on failure.
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcs_init (
	qse_wcs_t*  wcs,
	qse_mmgr_t* mmgr,
	qse_size_t  capa
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_fini() function finalizes a dynamically resizable string.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_wcs_fini (
	qse_wcs_t* wcs
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_mmgr_t* qse_wcs_getmmgr (
	qse_wcs_t* wcs
);

QSE_EXPORT void* qse_wcs_getxtn (
	qse_wcs_t* wcs
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_yield() function assigns the buffer to an variable of the
 * #qse_wcstr_t type and recreate a new buffer of the \a new_capa capacity.
 * The function fails if it fails to allocate a new buffer.
 * \return 0 on success, and -1 on failure.
 */
QSE_EXPORT int qse_wcs_yield (
	qse_wcs_t*   str,     /**< string */
	qse_wcstr_t* buf,     /**< buffer pointer */
	qse_size_t   new_capa /**< new capacity */
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_wchar_t* qse_wcs_yieldptr (
	qse_wcs_t*   str,    /**< string */
	qse_size_t   newcapa /**< new capacity */
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_getsizer() function gets the sizer.
 * \return sizer function set or QSE_NULL if no sizer is set.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_wcs_sizer_t qse_wcs_getsizer (
	qse_wcs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_setsizer() function specify a new sizer for a dynamic string.
 * With no sizer specified, the dynamic string doubles the current buffer
 * when it needs to increase its size. The sizer function is passed a dynamic
 * string and the minimum capacity required to hold data after resizing.
 * The string is truncated if the sizer function returns a smaller number
 * than the hint passed.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_wcs_setsizer (
	qse_wcs_t*      str,
	qse_wcs_sizer_t sizer
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_getcapa() function returns the current capacity.
 * You may use QSE_STR_CAPA(str) macro for performance sake.
 * \return current capacity in number of characters.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_getcapa (
	qse_wcs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_setcapa() function sets the new capacity. If the new capacity
 * is smaller than the old, the overflowing characters are removed from
 * from the buffer.
 * \return (qse_size_t)-1 on failure, new capacity on success 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_setcapa (
	qse_wcs_t* str,
	qse_size_t capa
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_getlen() function return the string length.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_getlen (
	qse_wcs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_setlen() function changes the string length.
 * \return (qse_size_t)-1 on failure, new length on success 
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_setlen (
	qse_wcs_t* str,
	qse_size_t len
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_clear() funtion deletes all characters in a string and sets
 * the length to 0. It doesn't resize the internal buffer.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_wcs_clear (
	qse_wcs_t* str
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_swap() function exchanges the pointers to a buffer between
 * two strings. It updates the length and the capacity accordingly.
 */
QSE_EXPORT void qse_wcs_swap (
	qse_wcs_t* str1,
	qse_wcs_t* str2
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_cpy (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* s
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_ncpy (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_cat (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* s
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_ncat (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_nrcat (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* s,
	qse_size_t         len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_ccat (
	qse_wcs_t*  str,
	qse_wchar_t c
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_nccat (
	qse_wcs_t*  str,
	qse_wchar_t c,
	qse_size_t  len
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_del (
	qse_wcs_t* str,
	qse_size_t index,
	qse_size_t size
);

/**
 * The qse_wcs_amend() function is a versatile string editing function.
 * It selects a string segment as long as \a size characters starting from
 * the \a index position and changes it to the replacement string \a repl. 
 * \return (qse_size_t)-1 on failure, string length on success.
 */
QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_amend (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	qse_size_t         index,
	qse_size_t         size,
	const qse_wchar_t* repl
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_trm (
	qse_wcs_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_pac (
	qse_wcs_t* str
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_fcat (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_vfcat (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_fmt (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	...
);

QSE_EXPORT qse_size_t qse_wcs_vfmt (
	qse_wcs_t*         str,
	const qse_wchar_t* fmt,
	va_list            ap
);

#if defined(QSE_CHAR_IS_MCHAR)
#	define qse_str_open(mmgr,ext,capa)  qse_mbs_open(mmgr,ext,capa)
#	define qse_str_close(str)           qse_mbs_close(str)
#	define qse_str_init(str,mmgr,capa)  qse_mbs_init(str,mmgr,capa)
#	define qse_str_fini(str)            qse_mbs_fini(str)
#	define qse_str_setmmgr(str,mmgr)    qse_mbs_setmmgr(str,mmgr)
#	define qse_str_getmmgr(str)         qse_mbs_getmmgr(str)
#	define qse_str_yield(str,buf,ncapa) qse_mbs_yield(str,buf,ncapa)
#	define qse_str_yieldptr(str,ncapa)  qse_mbs_yieldptr(str,ncapa)
#	define qse_str_getsizer(str)        qse_mbs_getsizer(str)
#	define qse_str_setsizer(str,sizer)  qse_mbs_setsizer(str,sizer)
#	define qse_str_getcapa(str)         qse_mbs_getcapa(str)
#	define qse_str_setcapa(str,capa)    qse_mbs_setcapa(str,capa)
#	define qse_str_getlen(str)          qse_mbs_getlen(str)
#	define qse_str_setlen(str,len)      qse_mbs_setlen(str,len)
#	define qse_str_clear(str)           qse_mbs_clear(str)
#	define qse_str_swap(str1,str2)      qse_mbs_swap(str1,str2)
#	define qse_str_cpy(str,s)           qse_mbs_cpy(str,s)
#	define qse_str_ncpy(str,s,len)      qse_mbs_ncpy(str,s,len)
#	define qse_str_cat(str,s)           qse_mbs_cat(str,s)
#	define qse_str_ncat(str,s,len)      qse_mbs_ncat(str,s,len)
#	define qse_str_nrcat(str,s,len)     qse_mbs_nrcat(str,s,len)
#	define qse_str_ccat(str,c)          qse_mbs_ccat(str,c)
#	define qse_str_nccat(str,c,len)     qse_mbs_nccat(str,c,len)
#	define qse_str_del(str,index,size)  qse_mbs_del(str,index,size)
#	define qse_str_amend(str,index,size,repl)  qse_mbs_amend(str,index,size,repl)
#	define qse_str_trm(str)             qse_mbs_trm(str)
#	define qse_str_pac(str)             qse_mbs_pac(str)
#	define qse_str_fcat                 qse_mbs_fcat
#	define qse_str_vfcat                qse_mbs_vfcat
#	define qse_str_fmt                  qse_mbs_fmt
#	define qse_str_vfmt                 qse_mbs_vfmt
#else
#	define qse_str_open(mmgr,ext,capa)  qse_wcs_open(mmgr,ext,capa)
#	define qse_str_close(str)           qse_wcs_close(str)
#	define qse_str_init(str,mmgr,capa)  qse_wcs_init(str,mmgr,capa)
#	define qse_str_fini(str)            qse_wcs_fini(str)
#	define qse_str_setmmgr(str,mmgr)    qse_wcs_setmmgr(str,mmgr)
#	define qse_str_getmmgr(str)         qse_wcs_getmmgr(str)
#	define qse_str_yield(str,buf,ncapa) qse_wcs_yield(str,buf,ncapa)
#	define qse_str_yieldptr(str,ncapa)  qse_wcs_yieldptr(str,ncapa)
#	define qse_str_getsizer(str)        qse_wcs_getsizer(str)
#	define qse_str_setsizer(str,sizer)  qse_wcs_setsizer(str,sizer)
#	define qse_str_getcapa(str)         qse_wcs_getcapa(str)
#	define qse_str_setcapa(str,capa)    qse_wcs_setcapa(str,capa)
#	define qse_str_getlen(str)          qse_wcs_getlen(str)
#	define qse_str_setlen(str,len)      qse_wcs_setlen(str,len)
#	define qse_str_clear(str)           qse_wcs_clear(str)
#	define qse_str_swap(str1,str2)      qse_wcs_swap(str1,str2)
#	define qse_str_cpy(str,s)           qse_wcs_cpy(str,s)
#	define qse_str_ncpy(str,s,len)      qse_wcs_ncpy(str,s,len)
#	define qse_str_cat(str,s)           qse_wcs_cat(str,s)
#	define qse_str_ncat(str,s,len)      qse_wcs_ncat(str,s,len)
#	define qse_str_nrcat(str,s,len)     qse_wcs_nrcat(str,s,len)
#	define qse_str_ccat(str,c)          qse_wcs_ccat(str,c)
#	define qse_str_nccat(str,c,len)     qse_wcs_nccat(str,c,len)
#	define qse_str_del(str,index,size)  qse_wcs_del(str,index,size)
#	define qse_str_amend(str,index,size,repl)  qse_wcs_amend(str,index,size,repl)
#	define qse_str_trm(str)             qse_wcs_trm(str)
#	define qse_str_pac(str)             qse_wcs_pac(str)
#	define qse_str_fcat                 qse_wcs_fcat
#	define qse_str_vfcat                qse_wcs_vfcat
#	define qse_str_fmt                  qse_wcs_fmt
#	define qse_str_vfmt                 qse_wcs_vfmt
#endif

#if defined(__cplusplus)
}
#endif

#endif
LOC